Despite occupying only 2% of the European territory, about 40,000 historical monuments (7 of which are on the UNESCO list of world cultural heritage sites), 36 cultural reserves, 160 monasteries and roughly 330 museums are registered in Bulgaria. and galleries. This includes prehistoric finds, Thracian tombs, Greek Age sites, Roman fortresses, historical monuments from the First and Second Bulgarian Kingdoms, and architectural structures from the Revival Age.
Symbols for Bulgaria are the monuments included in the UNESCO List: Kazanlak Tomb (4th – 3rd century BC), Thracian Tomb near Sveshtari village near Razgrad (3rd century BC), Madara Cavalry (8th century), Boyana Church (10. – 11th century), Ivanovo Rock Churches near Ruse (10th – 14th century), Rila Monastery (10th century), Old Town in Nesebar.
The Karanovska settlement mound provides a basis for determining the Karanovska Neolithic periods and serves as a model for understanding the development of European prehistoric cultures. Of great interest is the Thracian Kings Valley, where more than 15 tombs have been discovered. Perperikon is also located in the territory of our country. It is thought to be the temple of the God Dionysus, containing a prophecy chamber of equal importance to that dedicated to Apollo in Delphi. It is believed to be the capital of the Odryssian Kingdom. The largest Thracian royal complex with a shrine temple in Southeast Europe was discovered in the village of Starosel. The oldest gold in the world was discovered in the Varna necropolis. Many Thracian gold treasures were also found, such as Panagyurishte and Valchitran. and the Rogozen treasures. There are many remnants of Thracian, Hellenistic and Roman culture. All Roman city complexes were found at Augustra Trayana, Trimontium, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Pautalia, Akre, Mesemvria, Apolonia, Serdika and other sites.
Most of the monasteries in Bulgaria have been instrumental in preserving the Bulgarian Orthodox faith and culture. Some of these are Rila Monastery, Bachkovo Monastery, Troyan Monastery, Zemen Monastery, Rozhen Monastery, Kilifarevski Monastery, Sokolski Monastery and others. There are also many churches in the country with valuable manuscripts that house unique examples of Bulgarian iconographic, wood carving and painting schools. The remains of John the Baptist are found on the Black Sea coast of St. John was found on the island.
Cultural monuments from the Bulgarian Revival period can be found in many of its cities, towns, and villages, such as those in Kotel, Koprivshtitsa, Karlovo, Kalofer, Sopot, Elena, Tryavna, Bansko, Melnik. the Old Plovdiv, Gela, Shiroka Laka, Momchilovtsi, Orehovo, Smilyan, Arda, Dolen, Leshten, Kovachevitsa, Pletena, Bozhentsi, Ribaritsa, Zheravna, Oreshak, Medven, Skandalo, Arbanasi, Balgari, Kosti, Brashlyan, and Mladezhko. There are many ways for visitors to appreciate Bulgarian crafts such as woodcarving, embroidery, pottery, and knitting. For example, there is the architectural and ethnographic open-air museum at Etara, near Gabrovo, the ethnographic complexes The Old Dobrich and Chiflika near Albena, Bansko, the ethnographic complex Kulata – Kazanlak, the ethnographic complex at Zlatograd, Varosha – Blagoevgrad, the ethnographic complex Brashlyan – Malko Tarnovo, and others.
There are also opportunities to observe traditional economic activities in our lands, such as the manufacture of rose oil and wine production.
Bulgaria has an exceptionally diverse calendar that preserves the country’s folk traditions and customs – Surva (St. Vasil’s Day), St. Jordan’s Day – Epiphany, St. John’s Day, St. Anton’s Day, Trifon Zarezan, Martuvane (giving martenitsas), the first Sunday before Lent, Mummer’s Day, St. Todor’s Day, the Annunciation Day, Easter, St. George’s Day, the Day of Virgin Mary, St. Dimitar’s Day, All Souls Day, Christmas Eve, and Christmas. Many Bulgarian village celebrations and folkways preserve ancient traditions and customs, such as St. Lazar’s Day, Palm Sunday, the mummers, carol singing, fire-dancing and many others. Exceptionally attractive are the folklore festivals and gatherings – for instance, the International Mummers Festival “Starchevata” (Razlog), the International Festival of Masquerade Games “Surva” (Pernik), the Ethnicities Gathering (municipality of Beloslav), the International Folklore Festival ( Veliko Tarnovo), the National Folklore Festival “Rozhen”, the International Bagpipe Festival in the village of Gela, and many others.
There are more than 200 museums in the country – Studen Izvor (T